Joint Venture Project & Agreement
In Thailand, the compositions of waste (86%) are mainly organic waste, paper, plastic, glass, and metal. As a result, the waste in Thailand is suitable for an integrated MSW management. Currently, the Thai national waste management policy starts to encourage the local administrations to gather into clusters to establish central MSW disposal facilities with suitable technologies and reducing the disposal cost based on the amount of MSW generated.
COMPOSITION OF MSW IN THAILAND
Type Waste Composition (%)
- Organic waste 48%
- Paper cardboard 15%
- Plastic 14%
- Glass 5%
- Metal 4%
- Others 14%
According to the information above, the organic waste was the largest portion of MSW. The moisture content was generally about 40-60% with a little difference between dry and wet seasons throughout country as shown. The above information indicates the benefit of composting methods in managing waste in Thailand.
The most common methods used for MSW in Thailand are sanitary landfill, composting, open dumping, incineration and others (discuss below). There are only 97 disposal facilities that quite properly designed for serving about 480 local administrations throughout Thailand.
- Open dumping Open dumping sites are the most popular MSW management method in Thailand. Open dumping has been applied to manage MSW for many years and it can manage a huge quantity of MSW generated per day. Open dumping site can be utilized with the easily fermented, and low cost but it can also cause visual pollution, and odor. In addition open dumping can probably pollutes to soil and groundwater. Although the Thai government has started working on developing sanitary landfill sites in several municipality areas. The open dumping sites still remain a choice for many areas due to its low cost and its effective performance in getting rid of a huge amount of waste. However, open dumping should not be allowed because it is unsightly, unhygienic, and potentially disastrous to our environment.
- Landfill Sanitary landfills are usually located far from sources, resulting in increasing of the transfer costs and additional investments for infrastructure. Direct landfilling of such waste creates the nuisance owing to the generation of highly concentrated leachate, methane gas emission, and extreme waste settlement in landfill. Rapid waste decomposition eventually affects the landfill stability. Even though there are 91 sanitary landfill sites in Thailand, more sites are still required to decrease the amount of open dumping and open burning waste. 3) Composting is the most promising area for the recovery of organic wastes. Volume of waste good for composting (i.e., organic waste) was about 48% of the total MSW in Thailand making it a good choice for Thailand sustainable MSW management method. Moreover composting generates a valuable fertilizer or a soil conditioner for agricultural and horticultural uses. However, composting is not well practiced in Thailand due to the lack of knowledge and the high cost in maintenance.
- Incineration is one of the methods for MSW management in Thailand. This method is used for the huge municipality and tourist municipality area because sanitary landfill is not enough for disposed MSW. Currently there were 3 incinerations for communities’ wastes: Phuket province (250 ton/day), Samui Island (75 ton/day), and Lamphun province (10 ton/day). Even though the incineration can rapidly reduce the amount of waste, it can cause an air pollution concern especially in the tourist areas.
- MSW Situation in Thailand has a volume of community waste of around 14.66 ton/year. The volume of waste was increased every year due to expansion of tourism developments, communities, and business. Waste management at all levels was still a key problem. The problem of MSW management is usually caused by various forms and components of waste making it difficult to dispose, resistance from the people to construct the landfill, lack of landfill, insufficient equipment for collection, transportation and disposal, limited budget for operation, and public participation.
- Waste in Bangkok was about 8,473 ton/day. Bangkok was able to collect close to 100% of its total waste disposed in the area. For the disposal, a private company was contracted to collect and transport the waste from Tha Reng, Nong Khem, and On-nut Transfer Stations to be landfilled at Tambon Rachathewa, and Amphur Bangplee in Samut Prakan province. Each of landfill sites gets around 3,300 ton/day and 5,173 ton/day, respectively.
- Municipality waste was about 32% of the total MSW in Thailand. Due to a large service area, most people disposed of waste by themselves by dumping and burning in an open area.
True Green Energy Revolution Systems LLP first contract will be located at Nong Khaem district Bangkok Thailand where we will recycle and generate green renewable energy from a minimum 2000 tons per day of Municipal Solid Waste. The MSW content is mostly organic waste.
The second contract will be located in On-Nut district Bangkok Thailand where we will recycle and generate green renewable energy from a minimum of 1,500 tons per day of Municipal Solid Waste. The MSW content is mostly organic waste.