A materials recycling facility or municipal reclamation facility or materials recovery facility ( MRF - pronounced "murf" ) is a specialized plant that receives, separates and prepares recyclable materials for marketing to end-user manufacturers. In general, there are two different types - clean and dirty MRF.
A clean MRF accepts recyclable commingled materials that are already segregated at the source from MSW generated by either residential or commercial sources. A variety of clean MRF includes a single stream where all recyclable material is mixed, or dual stream MRF, where source-separated recyclables are delivered in a mixed container stream (typically glass, ferrous metal, aluminum and other non-ferrous metals) and a mixed paper stream. Material is sorted to specifications, then baled, shredded, crushed, or otherwise prepared for shipment to market.
A dirty MRF accepts a mixed solid waste stream and then proceeds to separate out designated recyclable materials through a combination of mechanical and manual sorting. The recyclable materials that are sorted may undergo further processing required to meet technical specifications established by end-markets while the excess materials of the mixed waste stream is sent to a disposal facility such as a landfill.
The necessity to lessen dumping on open landfills is motivating waste management solutions, by Improving the recycling rate as a vital part of this task. Huge amounts of waste certainly can be removed from landfill by doing this. Material Recycling Facilities (MRF) is a recent method of handling waste in the municipality; it encompasses a huge shed or quite a few industrial buildings. Different kinds of recyclable wastes are sorted, bulked up into load sizes suitable for transport, made ready for collection and transportation, sold, stored, and shipped to the buyers including some of the original manufacturers.
On the other hand, waste disposal authorities these days also process the residual or mixed waste. There are two types of waste segregated in MRF. One is the dry solid waste which have been pre-segregated by the households. It is called a "clean" MRF. Second is when the waste breaks down and processed by the recycling facility. The mixed or residual waste or accepted mixed waste from commercial premises is now called a "dirty" MRF. The Materials Recycling Facility is made up of a series of conveyor belts and a mix of manual and automatic procedures to separate the materials and remove the items that are not needed.
MRF operators report varying levels of recycling within their plants, however, the best are currently recycling approximately 75% of incoming waste and diverting it from landfill for reprocessing or recycling. The best results are being seen where local authorities have invested significantly in their Materials Recycling Facility (MRF). Waste Regulations are set out to ensure that the recycling which is done efficiently in an environmentally sustainable manner. Of course, all those implementing the Waste Regulations do usually endeavor to ensure the cost value and best level of sustainability of their solutions. However, this is a secondary consideration to compliance with the targets.
MRF or Material Recycling Facility is a new waste technology, and comprises a large shed or several industrial buildings in a complex, where waste with several types of recyclable wastes ('co-mingled' - as sorted by the householder) is sorted further, bulked up into load sizes suitable for transport, made ready for collection and transportation, sold, stored, and shipped to the buyers including some of the original manufacturers.
When a MRF deals with only the bags (dry solid waste) which have been pre-segregated by the householders it is called a "clean" MRF, but when the facility also breaks and process the mixed or "residual" waste bags or accepts mixed waste from commercial premises the MRF is called a "dirty" MRF.
The Materials Recovery Facility is made up of a series of conveyor belts and a mix of manual and automatic procedures to separate the materials and remove the items that we don't need. MRF operators report varying levels of recycling within their plants, however, the best are currently recycling approximately 75% of incoming waste and diverting it from Landfill for reprocessing or recycling.
Recycling not only helps the environment but is a cost effective way of turning waste into cash.
Individuals are appalled to discover that waste can be turned into green energy aside from being recycled and sent back into the market. Most developed cities are trying to create a way to help reduce their waste and pollution problem that is caused by creating landfill sites around the world. This action has caused tremendous effects not only to the health of the people who live in those countries but as well as the environment. Most of the countries wherein they dispose their waste do not have the appropriate technology or resources to manage the waste that comes in.
It is true that waste is one of the major causes of pollution in land, water and air. A new waste management technique is developing to convert waste to energy. Waste that is commonly found in landfill sites is now being processed in material recovery facilities, where it is converted into a cleaner energy that could serve as an alternative for fossil fuel and coal generated electricity. Waste to energy is achieved through the unique process used in the MRF facility. A material recovery facility (MRF) processes waste that is found in landfills. The MRF system will shred, screen and turn waste into a gaseous phase for feedstock that allows the feedstock to be converted into energy. These facilities break down waste into homogeneous components that reduces harmful impacts towards the environment. As waste is used as the main feedstock that is being fed into the thermal decomposition chamber, the solid substance is turned into a gaseous phase from combustion. It is an environmental shift from the past few methods of waste disposal techniques.
Most MRF facilities are structured in municipalities that experiences scarcity in landfill space. The combustion of waste from material recovery facilities produces clean energy than creating fossil fuels. Success is not measured on how much waste is being eliminated and turned into clean energy, but how much is being utilized as an alternative energy source that is generated from waste that will diminish our reliance to fossil fuel and endowing eco friendly benefit is what success is all about. The proposition of generating and providing a cleaner and more cost efficient source of energy may reduce the damaging effects of climate change. Extracting waste and turning it into a safer source of energy is a complex and diverse process that could dramatically change our world today.